Coronary artery disease is a common heart condition. The major blood vessels that supply the heart (coronary arteries) struggle to send enough blood, oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. Cholesterol deposits (plaques) in the heart arteries and inflammation are usually the cause of coronary artery disease.
Signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease occur when the heart doesn’t get enough oxygen-rich blood. If you have coronary artery disease, reduced blood flow to the heart can cause chest pain (angina) and shortness of breath. The other symptoms are sweating, fatigue, light headedness, palpitations, nausea. A complete blockage of blood flow can cause a heart attack.
Coronary artery disease often develops over decades. Symptoms may go unnoticed until a significant blockage causes problems or a heart attack occurs. Following a heart-healthy lifestyle can help prevent coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease may also be called coronary heart disease.
Symptoms may go unrecognized at first, or they may only occur when the heart is beating hard, for example, during exercise. As the coronary arteries continue to narrow, less and less blood gets to the heart and symptoms can become more severe or frequent. The risk factors that can culminate in coronary heart disease can be Hypertension, Diabetes, Stress, Smoking, Alcohol, Unhealthy diet and Family history. A healthy lifestyle can help keep the arteries strong and clear of plaque. To improve heart health, follow these tips:
- Quit smoking.
- Control high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.
- Exercise often.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Eat a low-fat, low-salt diet that’s rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
- Reduce and manage stress.
Archana Hospitals has always been in the forefront of creating awareness for the general good of the society. If you have any questions please feel free to walk in and consult with our specialists.