Headaches are one of the world’s most common conditions. Some, such as hunger or stress headaches, which subside on their own aren’t a cause for concern. Others, such as migraines, have the potential to be more serious.
Migraines can be debilitating, but for some people who experience auras with their headaches, they could be a symptom for a more serious danger — an increased risk for stroke.
There are two types of Headaches
Primary: It is a condition where there are no underlying diseases or systemic conditions in the body.These headaches are the most common cause of headaches comprising approximately 85% of cases and are more benign.
Secondary: It is a condition where headache can be a symptom of underlying disease or condition in the head or body. About 15% of headaches can be of this type which indicates serious causes.
Conditions such as Migraine, Tension type Headaches (TTH) and Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgias (TACs) are a group of Primary Headache disorders These type of headaches are triggered by
- Lack of Sleep
- Drugs or Alcohol
- Food ( Excessive Caffeine, MSG, Processed Meat)
- Change in weather or strong smell
- Bright Lights
- Loud Sound
Secondary Headache is a symptom of a disease that can activate the pain-sensitive nerves of the head. Any number of conditions, varying greatly in severity may cause Secondary Headaches. The causes for these type of headaches are
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea
- Systemic Disease
- Ear Infection
- Idiopathic Intercranial Hypertension (IIH)
- New bouts of Headaches
- Change in the character of Headache
- Moderate to severe Headache
- Affecting productivity and quality of life
- More than or equal to 4 episodes per month
- Sudden severe headache (which will seem like the worst headache of your life)
- Taking frequent pain killers and other medication
- Pregnant women and post delivery
- Uncontrolled hypertension
- Vision complaints
- Weight loss
- Sleep disorders or Excessive daytime fatigue
- Psychological issues like Anxiety or Depression