Knee Replacement surgery — known as Knee Arthroplasty — may be needed if other treatments for knee conditions or injury have been unsuccessful. Knee arthroplasty is a successful treatment for arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and conditions that cause knee pain and injury. The surgery involves replacing the damaged bone and cartilage with an artificial joint made of metal and plastic components.
It is usually recommended for people who have severe knee pain or stiffness that does not go away with other treatments, such as medications, physical therapy, or injections.
There are three common kinds of Knee Replacements:
Total Knee Replacement: The entire joint of one knee is replaced with artificial parts
Partial Knee Replacement: Either the inside (medial), outside (lateral), or kneecap (patellofemoral) is replaced
Bilateral knee replacement: Both knees are replaced during a single procedure
In addition to pain relief, the benefits of Knee replacement surgery are improved range of motion, mobility, and quality of life.
When does a person requires Knee Replacement Surgery?
Knee joint replacement surgery is an option when non-surgical treatments — such as braces, physical therapy, medicines, and rehabilitation — don’t relieve pain. People of any age or activity level who experience severe pain that limits everyday activities and disturbs sleep are good candidates for knee replacement.
An orthopaedic surgeon who specializes in joint replacements performs the Knee Replacement Surgery. The procedure lasts about two hours, and requires spinal or general anesthesia and/or a regional nerve block (an injection that blocks pain signals to the brain).
During the procedure, the surgeon makes an incision on the front of the knee, removes the damaged pieces inside the knee joint, and implants a prosthetic device. After testing the prosthetic joint for proper placement and fit, the surgical site is closed.
Recovery time for knee replacement surgery varies depending on the procedure and your condition. Most people spend a day or two in the hospital and begin outpatient (clinic) rehabilitation and physical therapy. Most people can resume regular activities within six weeks following surgery, but full recovery can take three to six months.
Overall, knee replacement surgery can be very effective in relieving pain and improving mobility in people with severe knee damage. However, like any surgery, it does carry some risks, such as infection, blood clots, and nerve or blood vessel damage. It’s important to talk to the Specialist doctor about the potential risks and benefits of the surgery before making a decision.
Archana Hospitals is equipped with the latest technology to serve the needs of patients who require Knee Replacement by expert Surgeons. Please contact the help desk to know more.