Shoulder Arthroscopy

Shoulder Arthroscopy is a safe and customized surgical procedure to treat Shoulder Injuries.

If you have a shoulder injury that is not improving with non-surgical treatments, then your doctor may recommend a shoulder surgery. Some of the shoulder problems that may require surgical intervention include:

  • Tendinitis,
  • Partial Rotator Cuff tears,
  • Shoulder instability,
  • Fractured collarbone,
  • Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis.

Shoulder arthroscopy is a type of surgery that uses a tiny camera called an Arthroscope to examine and/or repair any damaged tissues inside or around the shoulder joint. Advances in medicine now mean that it can be used to treat a number of different shoulder injuries and conditions. Conditions that can be treated by a Shoulder Arthroscopy are:

  • A torn/damaged cartilage ring or biceps tendon
  • A torn rotator cuff
  • Shoulder stiffness
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Removal of any loose bodies
  • Shoulder joint infection

During this type of surgery, the surgeon will make small incisions around the joint area. The arthroscope is then inserted along with a sterile solution that works to expand the joint, giving the doctor a clear view and room to work.

Another incision is made for the surgical instruments that are used along with the tiny camera to repair any damage in the injured shoulder.

An arthroscopic shoulder surgery is typically an outpatient procedure and you will be able to return home the same day.

While it is a safe and effective way to restore the function of joints, it has to be performed by a skilled and experienced surgeon.

Advantages of a Shoulder Arthroscopy are

  • Smaller incisions
  • Faster healing times
  • Less scarring
  • A more rapid recovery

If you have experienced joint damage or a shoulder injury and are becoming frustrated with the pain and lack of motion, it is time that you visit a Shoulder Arthroscopy Surgeon.

At Archana Hospitals, the Specialists favor non-invasive treatments (eg. medication and physical therapy) over more extensive procedures, but in situations where these procedures no longer provide relief, the right diagnosis and treatment is just a call away.

shoulder Arthroscopy

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease(GERD)

Occasional feelings of heartburn are normal, but if a person suffers from heartburn frequently, the heartburn could actually be a sign of gastroesophageal reflux disease, commonly known as GERD. A gastroenterologist can help get relief.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease often starts out as gastric reflux. Gastric reflux is caused by the sphincter muscle between your esophagus and stomach not closing properly. The incomplete closure of the muscle allows stomach acid to back up into your esophagus/oral cavity /lung, causing the burning sensation known as heartburn.

Acid reflux can grow worse over time, developing into a chronic condition known as gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD. Signs and symptoms of GERD include:

Typical symptoms:
● Heartburn
● Reflux
● Chest pain
● Difficulty in swallowing

Atypical symptoms:

● Upper abdominal pain
● Nausea, bloating, belching
● Chronic cough, Asthma
● A sour taste and bad breath
● Eroding tooth enamel which causes sensitive teeth
● Throat clearing ,Laryngitis

Risk factors for GERD include obesity, smoking, regular alcohol consumption, increased age. spicy foods, can also aggravate the symptoms of GERD.

Treatment options for GERD include lifestyle changes, such as avoiding trigger foods and losing weight, as well as over-the-counter and prescription medications. Antacids and acid-blocking medications, such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), can help to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach and alleviate symptoms. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the valve between the stomach and

It’s important for people with GERD to manage their symptoms to prevent complications such as esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus), Barrett’s esophagus (a precancerous condition), and esophageal cancer. If a person is experiencing symptoms of GERD, it’s important to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

In summary, GERD is a chronic condition caused by the stomach acid flowing back into the esophagus. If you are suffering moderate to severe signs and symptoms of GERD, it’s best to visit your gastroenterologist for treatment. GERD is typically diagnosed with an endoscopy. The endoscopy can help identify irritated, inflamed, or ulcerated tissue due to GERD. The gastroenterologist can prescribe
medication to reduce stomach acid, soothe esophageal irritation, and heal ulcerated tissue.

Relief for the uncomfortable symptoms of GERD is just a phone call away. To find out more about the causes, symptoms, and treatment of GERD, call our Gastroenterologist at Archana Hospital for accurate diagnosis and treatment if required.


Knee Replacement surgery — known as Knee Arthroplasty — may be needed if other treatments for knee conditions or injury have been unsuccessful. Knee arthroplasty is a successful treatment for arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and conditions that cause knee pain and injury. The surgery involves replacing the damaged bone and cartilage with an artificial joint made of metal and plastic components.

It is usually recommended for people who have severe knee pain or stiffness that does not go away with other treatments, such as medications, physical therapy, or injections.

There are three common kinds of Knee Replacements:

Total Knee Replacement:  The entire joint of one knee is replaced with artificial parts

Partial Knee Replacement:  Either the inside (medial), outside (lateral), or kneecap (patellofemoral) is replaced

Bilateral knee replacementBoth knees are replaced during a single procedure

In addition to pain relief, the benefits of Knee replacement surgery are improved range of motion, mobility, and quality of life.

When does a person requires Knee Replacement Surgery?

Knee joint replacement surgery is an option when non-surgical treatments — such as braces, physical therapy, medicines, and rehabilitation — don’t relieve pain. People of any age or activity level who experience severe pain that limits everyday activities and disturbs sleep are good candidates for knee replacement.

An orthopaedic surgeon who specializes in joint replacements performs the Knee Replacement Surgery. The procedure lasts about two hours, and requires spinal or general anesthesia and/or a regional nerve block (an injection that blocks pain signals to the brain).

During the procedure, the surgeon makes an incision on the front of the knee, removes the damaged pieces inside the knee joint, and implants a prosthetic device. After testing the prosthetic joint for proper placement and fit, the surgical site is closed.

Recovery time for knee replacement surgery varies depending on the procedure and your condition. Most people spend a day or two in the hospital and begin outpatient (clinic) rehabilitation and physical therapy. Most people can resume regular activities within six weeks following surgery, but full recovery can take three to six months.

Overall, knee replacement surgery can be very effective in relieving pain and improving mobility in people with severe knee damage. However, like any surgery, it does carry some risks, such as infection, blood clots, and nerve or blood vessel damage. It’s important to talk to the Specialist doctor about the potential risks and benefits of the surgery before making a decision.

Archana Hospitals is equipped with the latest technology to serve the needs of patients who require Knee Replacement by expert Surgeons. Please contact the help desk to know more.


Conditions That Lead to Dialysis

Dialysis is a medical treatment that is used to filter waste products and excess fluids from the blood when the kidneys are no longer able to perform these functions effectively.

There are several conditions that can lead to the need for dialysis, including:

  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD): This is a condition that occurs when the kidneys are damaged and unable to function properly over a long period of time. The most common cause of CKD is diabetes, but it can also be caused by high blood pressure, a family history of kidney disease, and certain medications.
  • Acute kidney injury (AKI): This is a sudden and severe loss of kidney function that can occur due to a variety of factors, including dehydration, sepsis (a serious infection in the bloodstream), and certain medications.
  • Polycystic kidney disease (PKD): This is a genetic disorder that causes numerous cysts (fluid-filled sacs) to develop in the kidneys, leading to kidney damage and eventually kidney failure.
  • Glomerulonephritis: This is a group of diseases that cause inflammation of the glomeruli, which are tiny filters in the kidneys that help to remove waste and excess fluids from the blood. Glomerulonephritis can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, autoimmune disorders, and certain medications.
  • Renal artery stenosis: This is a condition in which the blood vessels that supply blood to the kidneys become narrowed or blocked, leading to reduced blood flow and impaired kidney function.

If you are experiencing symptoms that suggest you may have one of these conditions, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent or delay the need for dialysis.

There are several ways to prevent the need for dialysis:

  • Maintain good kidney health: The best way to prevent the need for dialysis is to take care of your kidneys before kidney damage occurs. This includes controlling high blood pressure, managing diabetes, and avoiding drugs and other substances that can damage the kidneys.
  • Eat a kidney-friendly diet: A kidney-friendly diet can help preserve kidney function and slow the progression of kidney disease. This may include limiting your intake of protein, salt, and potassium, and eating more fruits and vegetables.
  • Stay active and exercise regularly: Regular exercise can help lower blood pressure and improve overall health, which can help prevent kidney damage.
  • Don’t smoke: Smoking can increase your risk of kidney disease and other health problems. Quitting smoking can help protect your kidneys and overall health.
  • Get regular check-ups: It is important to get regular check-ups and screenings to detect kidney disease early. This can help you get treatment before the disease progresses to a point where dialysis is necessary.

It is important to work with a medical professional to determine the best course of action for you. We at Archana Hospitals can help you develop a plan to prevent the need for dialysis and manage any existing kidney problems.

Symptoms that may lead to the need for dialysis include:

  • Swelling in the legs, ankles, and feet
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Difficulty concentrating or thinking clearly
  • Muscle cramps
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Seizures or coma (in severe cases)

It is important to note that these symptoms may be caused by other medical conditions as well, and a medical evaluation is necessary to determine the cause and appropriate treatment. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, do get in touch with us at Archana Hospitals where our Expert Nephrologists are always at hand to recommend the correct course.


Urinary Tract Infections and their causes

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that occurs in any part of the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. UTIs are usually caused by bacteria entering the urinary system, although they can also be caused by fungi or viruses. The most common cause of UTIs is the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli), which is normally found in the digestive system.

There are several ways in which bacteria can enter the urinary system and cause an infection, including:

  • Having a decreased ability to completely empty the bladder
  • Having a structural abnormality of the urinary tract
  • Using a catheter for a long period of time
  • Having a suppressed immune system
  • Using certain types of birth control, such as a diaphragm
  • Sexual activity: UTIs are more common in women who are sexually active, especially if they use a diaphragm or have multiple sexual partners.
  • Poor hygiene: Failing to properly clean the genital area can allow bacteria to enter the urinary system.
  • Bladder catheterization: A catheter is a tube that is inserted into the bladder to drain urine. If the catheter is not properly inserted or maintained, bacteria can enter the bladder and cause an infection.
  • Structural abnormalities: Certain structural abnormalities in the urinary system, such as a blockage or abnormal narrowing of the urethra, can increase the risk of UTIs.

To prevent UTIs, you can take the following steps:

  • Drink plenty of fluids, particularly water, to flush bacteria out of the urinary tract.
  • Urinate when you feel the need and try to empty your bladder completely.
  • Wipe from front to back after using the bathroom to prevent bacteria from the anus from entering the urethra.
  • Avoid using feminine hygiene sprays or perfumed products in the genital area.
  • Wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothing.
  • Drink cranberry juice or take cranberry supplements, which may help to prevent UTIs.
  • Drink unsweetened probiotic beverages or take probiotic supplements, as they may help to prevent UTIs.
  • Practice good hygiene by regularly washing genital area
  • If you have a catheter, it is important to follow the Doctor’s instructions for proper care and maintenance to prevent infections.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can cause a variety of symptoms, which may vary depending on the location of the infection in the urinary tract. Common symptoms of a UTI include:

  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • Frequent urges to urinate, even if only small amounts of urine are produced
  • Cloudy, bloody, or strong-smelling urine
  • Pelvic pain or pressure in women
  • Low fever
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fatigue

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see a Doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. UTIs can be serious if left untreated, as the infection can spread to the kidneys and cause more serious complications.

If you think you have the above symptoms please get in touch with the Nephrologists at Archana Hospitals for immediate diagnosis and treatment.

urinary tract Infections