Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) Problems and Treatments

ENT Issues When to Consult an ENT Expert

We have to balance work and home in today’s fast-paced society. Therefore, it is even more crucial that we take additional care of our health. But frequently, especially when it comes to ENT (ear, nose, and throat) problems, we neglect to take the simple steps that our bodies require to remain healthy. Initially, we frequently have a tendency to ignore them or attempt home cures, which can occasionally make the situation worse and become a chronic illness.

These are some typical ENT problems that you should not put off seeking immediate attention from an ENT specialist.

Prolonged Sore Throat:

Mild illnesses or certain other conditions can cause sore throats. A few drugs or treatments may sometimes help them get better, but if the issue continues, it may raise some red flags. You should consult our ENT specialist in Madinaguda if you have been suffering from a painful throat for an extended period. Early treatment can prevent numerous consequences from developing from a sore throat, which can indicate many ailments and diseases.

Tonsil Issues :


An ENT expert should always be consulted for tonsil issues. Waiting for your home cures to take effect won’t help; in fact, many symptoms will only worsen with time. They could lead to issues like severe sore throats or trouble swallowing. It’s critical to visit a doctor since tonsil issues require prompt treatment.

Unexpected Deafness:

You might believe that your throat has nothing to do with your unexpected loss of hearing. In actuality, though, your throat, nose, and ears are all connected. Hearing loss requires emergency medical attention since it may indicate more serious underlying issues. Visit our Hospital for ENT treatment from one of the top ENT Doctors in Madinaguda if you have abrupt hearing loss or other hearing problems.

A Lump in the Neck :

A lump in the neck may indicate more serious medical conditions including thyroid or glandular problems. It may potentially be an indication of malignancy. Therefore, you need to consult a physician as soon as you discover a lump in your neck. You can recover and prevent serious consequences with the correct care and drugs.

Sinus Ache:

An ENT specialist is necessary for the treatment of sinus pain, which might indicate many different diseases. Common colds, viral infections, sore throats, and a host of other issues are associated with sinuses. The best course of action is to have this investigated because the appropriate care can improve your quality of life and make it more comfortable for you.

The Hospital for ENT Treatment at Archana Hospital, Madinaguda offers state-of-the-art equipment, state-of-the-art diagnostic facilities, and some of the best ENT doctors in the area to provide the best care. You can get relief from serious ENT difficulties such as sinus problems, ear pain, throat problems, and more with our cutting-edge diagnostic and surgical technology. To learn more about our offerings and facilities, please get in contact.

Valve Replacement Surgery: Types, Procedures, And Recovery

Valve Replacement Surgery: Types, Procedures, And Recovery

A form of heart illness called valvular Heart Disease arises when one or more of the four heart valves malfunction. Surgery to replace the heart valves may be necessary if they are too brittle, damaged, or otherwise unfit to mend. This procedure can be necessary if you have an aortic valve problem.
Blood flows from your heart into your aorta, which is your body’s main artery when this valve opens. When it shuts, blood flows to the rest of your body. When your aortic valve closes, it stops blood from flowing backward into your heart. It repeats this cycle with every pulse. Your physician might suggest replacing the valve surgically.

Why Could I Require Surgery To Replace Or Repair A Heart Valve?

Surgery to replace or repair one or more damaged heart valves is done to address the problems they cause.
The following symptoms could indicate heart valve injury or disease:

What Are The Risks Of Having Surgery To Replace Or Repair A Heart Valve?

The following hazards could arise with heart valve replacement or repair surgery:
> Bleeding during or after the surgery
> Blood clots that can cause lung problems, heart attacks, or strokes
> Virus Infection
> A case of pneumonia
> Pancreatitis
> Breathing difficulties

Types Of Heart Valve Surgery

The following are the two kinds of heart valve surgery:
> A large portion of the patient’s tissue is preserved during valve repair surgery, which replaces the damaged or faulty valve. The mitral valve is repaired most frequently, while problems with the aortic and tricuspid valves can also be addressed with repair surgery.
> Surgery to replace the damaged valve with a biological (derived from pig, cow, or human tissue) or mechanical (made of metal or carbon) valve. Your body won’t reject the replacement valve because every valve replacement is biocompatible.
To identify the kind, location, and degree of your valve ailment, your healthcare provider will test you. The test results are used to choose the best procedure for you. The following will also be considered by your physician:
Your cardiac surgeon may choose to combine valve surgery with other cardiac procedures. Examples include combining valve surgery with: and performing several valve surgeries simultaneously during surgery.
> Avoid surgery
> Procedure to treat an aortic aneurysm
> Surgical treatment for atrial fibrillation
Medicines And Food
Speak with your healthcare provider about:
> When and how should you take your regular medications before surgery?
> When should you stop eating and drinking before surgery?
Personal Goods And Clothing
Your healthcare providers may suggest that you bring several items to the hospital, including:
What Happens After A Heart Valve Operation?
After surgery, your medical team may move you to an intensive care unit (ICU) so they can keep a close eye on you. After that, you’ll be in a typical room. Five to seven days could pass while you’re in the hospital.
There will be gadgets linked to you to monitor your heart rate and blood pressure. You may also have tubes going out of your chest to drain fluid.
Your surgeon will advise you to resume eating, drinking, and exercising as soon as possible following surgery. You might start with short walks in your room or down the hallway and work your way up to a larger distance.
Your physician could advise you to sign up for cardiac rehab, which is a strictly monitored workout regimen.
Complete healing could take many weeks or even months, depending on your healing pace and the type of operation you had. Keeping your incisions clean is essential because infection is the major concern right after surgery. Never delay in contacting your physician if you see any of the following symptoms of a disease:
fever, chills, soreness or edema near the wound, and a buildup of wound drainage.
When ought I to see my physician?
Consult your physician if
> Your chest or the region surrounding your incision pain.
> You go through depressive episodes. This can happen after surgery and make recovery take longer.
> You may have an infection if you have a fever.
> Your weight has increased by more than five pounds, which suggests fluid retention.

Best cystoscope Hospital in Madinaguda – cystoscope

What is cystoscopy?






A cystoscopy is a process used by medical professionals to see inside the bladder and urethra (the tube that removes waste from the body). It is carried out by a urologist using a lit instrument called a cystoscope that has a camera or viewing lens.

What are the types of cystoscopes?

Two varieties of cystoscopes exist:

Flexible cystoscope: Your doctor may inspect the interior of your bladder and urethra by carefully following the natural course of your urethra with a flexible scope.

Rigid cystoscopes: They don’t bend. Instruments for biopsies or tumor removal may be passed via the tube by your healthcare professional. Usually, this cystoscope is only utilized under general anesthesia or sedation.

The one that functions best for your particular treatment will be used by your healthcare professional.

When should I know the results of cystoscopy?

Your provider might not get the results of your biopsy for up to two weeks. Your practitioner will be aware of the outcome as they proceed if they are solely performing a cystoscopy and no other treatments concurrently. Find out from your provider when you can expect to receive a notification or see your results in your records.

When should I call my healthcare provider?

The majority of post-procedure issues, such as painful urination and bloody urine, resolve in a day or two. If issues persist longer than expected or if you encounter:

> Intense pain with urination.

> Significant blood flow or clots in your urine.

> A painfully full bladder and difficulty urinating.

> Symptoms of infection (pelvic discomfort, fever, foul-smelling or hazy urine).

Preparation Before Cystoscopy

Before performing a cystoscopy, a urologist may question a patient about any allergies, past medical history, and pre-procedural measures. The physician might advise:

> Before the surgery, stop using medications, such as blood thinners.

> When to eat and drink

> When to empty the bladder before the procedure or to give a urine sample for laboratory test

Who needs a Cystoscopy?

A cystoscopy may be advised by the physician if a patient encounters:

> Problems passing pee or controlling urination

> Stone in the bladder

> Blood in the pee or hemoptysis

> Dysuria, or pain during urinating

> Urinary tract infection that keeps coming back

What are the potential risks or complications of a cystoscopy?

Cystoscopy procedures are generally low-risk. Possible issues consist of:

> Infection (UTI).

> Contractions of the bladder. These may result in leaking urine and excruciating pains.

> Harm to your bladder.

> Harm to your urethra, such as constriction or scarring.

Side Effects of Cystoscopy

Following a cystoscopy, some adverse effects include:

> Urine with blood in it, usually just a few drops

> Burning in the urine, discomfort, and frequent urination for a few hours

Side effects peak to fade after 48 hours. See a physician if the issues persist longer and result in really painful urinating.


Archana Hospitals in Madinaguda stands out as the premier destination for cystoscopy procedures. Renowned for its advanced facilities and skilled medical professionals, it ensures top-notch care and accurate diagnostics. Patients receive comprehensive treatment, coupled with compassionate support, ensuring optimal outcomes and peace of mind. Trust Archana Hospitals for unparalleled excellence in cystoscopy procedures.

ACL Repair Causes, Treatment, Repair & Recovery

ACL Repair Causes, Treatment,

 Repair & Recovery

One important ligament that stabilizes the knee joint is the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). Its function is to stop the tibia bone from moving forward too much about the femur bone. One common sports injury that needs surgical repair is an ACL tear. This blog will discuss the causes, care, and recovery of an ACL reconstruction.

 Causes of ACL Tears :

ACL tears can happen for several reasons, including:

Sports injuries: Because high-impact sports like football, basketball, and soccer require quick stops, pivots, or direction changes, players are likelier to suffer an ACL tear.

Trauma: Other traumatic occurrences that put undue strain or tension on the knee joint, such as falls, auto accidents, or other collisions, can also result in an ACL tear.

Overuse: Activities like long-distance running and jumping that repeatedly put stress on the knee joint raise the possibility of an ACL tear.

Treatment Options for ACL Tear

The degree of the injury determines how an ACL tear is treated. While non-surgical therapy options could be enough in some circumstances, surgery might be necessary in others.

1. Non-surgical treatment: Physiotherapy, pain management, and rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) therapy are examples of non-surgical treatment alternatives. Protocol-Oriented Regaining functional independence requires physiotherapy, and patients with ACL injuries are always encouraged to perform these exercises to strengthen their knees.

2. Surgical intervention: Surgery is required when there is a high-grade ACL injury and noticeable indications of knee instability. During ACL repair surgery, a tissue graft—typically derived from the patient’s patellar tendon or hamstring—is used to reconstruct the injured ligament. The process is carried out as keyhole Surgery

Recovery from ACL Reconstruction Surgery

Professional athletes recuperate from ACL reconstruction surgery differently than non-professional players. It is advised that professional athletes wait six months before returning to competition, but this can be shortened to four months.  

Patients can usually get back to their regular activities in 3–5 weeks, and they can return to sports in 4-6 months. Physical therapy is required to restore the knee joint’s strength, flexibility, and range of motion throughout the healing phase.

In conclusion, a typical sports injury that can be quite crippling to the targeted athlete is an ACL tear. Depending on how severe the injury is, there are non-surgical and surgical treatment options. The recovery period following ACL reconstruction surgery can range from six weeks to three months. Patients who receive precise surgical care, appropriate post-operative care, and well-coordinated physiotherapy can restore complete functioning to their knee joint. 

Archana Hospitals excels in ACL reconstruction surgery, offering state-of-the-art facilities and expert surgeons. Patients receive personalized care, innovative techniques, and comprehensive rehabilitation, ensuring optimal recovery and restored knee function. Trust Archana Hospitals for exceptional outcomes in ACL reconstruction.





The surgical treatment used to eliminate hemorrhoids is called a hemorrhoidectomy. Hemorrhoids usually don’t require surgery, but if they persist or create significant problems, a hemorrhoidectomy can permanently remove them. The process is straightforward, although recuperation could be a little challenging. Take our recommendations to reduce discomfort and avoid constipation.


What is a Hemorrhoidectomy?

The surgical treatment used to eliminate Hemorrhoids is called a hemorrhoidectomy. Enlarged blood vessels in the anus (butthole) known as hemorrhoids can occasionally result in painful symptoms including bleeding and anal pain.

Hemorrhoids are quite frequent and often not harmful. Most won’t even need surgery or other medical care. However, a hemorrhoidectomy may be the best course of action for some hemorrhoids and in some situations.

Risks / Benefits

What benefits does hemorrhoidectomy offer in comparison to other hemorrhoid treatments?

The main benefit is that it functions. Surgically excised hemorrhoids usually don’t recur. Surgery should ultimately provide you with permanent relief, even though the recovery period is longer than with other treatments.

Another crucial option in an emergency is a hemorrhoidectomy. Surgery can be used to treat a thrombosed or strangulated hemorrhoid quickly and avoid worsening the condition.

What makes a Person get a Hemorrhoidectomy?

If your hemorrhoids are more complicated than usual, your doctor may suggest hemorrhoidectomy surgery. The following complications could necessitate a hemorrhoidectomy:

Prolapse: This indicates that your hemorrhoids have descended from inside your anus and are now protruding from the orifice, increasing the risk of irritation, bleeding, or injury. Prolapse is a progressive condition that often gets worse with time. Initially, Grade II hemorrhoids may only momentarily protrude from your anus during a bowel movement. However, your provider could advise removing them if you have to manually put them back in (Grade III) or if they won’t go back in at all (Grade IV).

Thrombosis: This is the point at which the hemorrhoid has swelled to the point where blood clots inside it, stopping the flow of blood. The color of thrombosed hemorrhoids is purple-blue. They may cause excruciating agony. They may occasionally burst, heavily bleeding. It will eventually heal on its own if you do not seek treatment straight away. But you might prefer surgery during the excruciating first 72 hours.

Constriction Incarcerated hemorrhoids are another name for Grade IV hemorrhoids that have prolapsed and refused to retract. A hemorrhoid in prison runs the risk of strangling itself. When something is strangled, it indicates that its circulation has been cut off and it is stuck in a constricted area. There is an urgent situation. In contrast to thrombosis, strangulation is not a self-limiting illness. Gangrene results from the strangulated tissues’ eventual death.

ReturnHemorrhoids can recur after less intrusive treatments or don’t go away. This may have a significant long-term effect on your life quality. Hemorrhoidectomy has a 95% success rate when other therapies are unsuccessful. You may decide to get a hemorrhoidectomy to permanently remove these hemorrhoids, even if you don’t have any other difficulties.

What can I anticipate from my hemorrhoidectomy recovery?

Following a hemorrhoidectomy, you could anticipate varying degrees of:

Bleeding: Following a hemorrhoidectomy, some bleeding is typical, particularly after a bowel movement (poop). There may be blood on your toilet paper or in your feces. Along with some clear or yellow discharge, you can also notice some in your underpants. To assist in absorbing the liquid, you can use gauze or a sanitary pad. This may go on for a month or longer. There shouldn’t be much blood. If you strain too hard to void, you run the risk of splitting the wound open, which could lead to more serious bleeding. To avoid this, constipation must be avoided. Occasionally, some patients have acute bleeding following surgery.

Swelling: Following a hemorrhoidectomy, swelling is typical. Anus swelling might have a feeling akin to hemorrhoids. It’s possible that you still think of them or that they’ve returned, but these are false impressions. Occasionally, a skin tag or lump may appear where the wound was made, which can also be misleading. Usually, these disappear after you’ve healed. Everyone’s healing process is different. Applying ice wrapped in a towel to the incision a few times a day for ten minutes at a time will help minimize swelling. Lying on your stomach with a pillow under your hips can also be beneficial. Try to sleep in this manner.

Pain: After a hemorrhoidectomy, some pain is to be expected, and most patients report rather high pain levels. However, you ought to be able to use medicine to control your pain. Typically, medical professionals provide a range of pain management techniques, such as topical and oral drugs as well as gentle wound care. Start taking your drugs as soon as you feel any discomfort following your procedure to avoid it altogether. Most report that, after two weeks, the pain has subsided. Consult your healthcare practitioner if your discomfort persists for more than two weeks, if you find it difficult to manage, or if it keeps you from urinating or passing gas.

Recovery after Haemorrhoid Removal

Following your Hemorrhoid removal, you may be advised to do the following self-care measures:

Medication: Take your prescriptions exactly as directed by your physician. This could involve laxatives, antibiotics, and painkillers.

Activities: Make sure you get enough sleep, but also make time to be active. Walking is a wise decision.

Diet: A diet that reduces the likelihood of constipation may be advised by your doctor.

Additional actions could be using ice packs, taking stool softeners, taking a sitz bath, and drinking plenty of water.

Recovery after Haemorrhoid Removal

Following your Hemorrhoid removal, you may be advised to do the following self-care measures:

Medication: Take your prescriptions exactly as directed by your physician. This could involve laxatives, antibiotics, and painkillers.

Activities: Make sure you get enough sleep, but also make time to be active. Walking is a wise decision.

Diet: A diet that reduces the likelihood of constipation may be advised by your doctor.

Additional actions could be using ice packs, taking stool softeners, taking a sitz bath, and drinking plenty of water.

What are the possible risks or complications of hemorrhoidectomy surgery?

Among the short-term hazards of surgery are:


Negative effects of the anesthetic.

Infection of the wound.

Excessive loss of blood.

Among the issues that could arise when you’re recovering are:

Possible long-term complications that can develop include:

Gradual recovery.

Severe pain even after taking medicine.

Urinary retention due to pain when peeing.

Constipation due to pain when pooping.

Narrowing of your anal canal from excessive scarring (anal stenosis).

Difficulty holding in your bowel movements due to muscle or nerve damage (fecal incontinence).

With careful technique, serious complications are rare.

Who is not a candidate for a hemorrhoidectomy?

If you have specific medical conditions that could raise your risk of major complications from the treatment, your healthcare professional might not propose hemorrhoidectomy for you. Among them are:


Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Bleeding disorders.

Portal hypertension.

Kidney Stones Treatment in Hyderabad | and Surgery Treatment Options

Kidney Stones : What are the

 Treatment Options?

You may have a few therapy choices if kidney stones, also known as urolithiasis, have been identified in you. These include ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL), extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), and medicinal therapy.

An overview of the urinary tract’s anatomy

The urinary tract consists of

> Kidneys, two organs that remove excess water and waste from the blood

> Ureters, the two tubes that each kidney uses to send urine to the bladder

> Bladder, the organ that holds pee

> The urethra is a single channel that the body uses to expel urine from the bladder.

The kidney stone assessment

An evaluation that includes imaging is frequently the first step if your symptoms point to kidney stones. An intravenous pyelogram (IVP), a form of abdomen x-ray, was the accepted standard of therapy for a long time. This is no longer used in the majority of hospitals; instead, unenhanced helical CT scanning is used. Renal ultrasound can be used as a substitute in some circumstances, such as when a person has decreased renal function or an allergy to contrast dyes.

Blood tests, such as those for renal function (creatinine, BUN), will also be administered to you. Further blood tests may also be recommended by your physician. If an infection is suspected, a urine culture will be provided along with the results of the urinalysis.

Treatment with Medication for Kidney Stones

According to the majority of data, stones smaller than 10 mm in diameter have a good possibility of naturally exiting the urinary system. You can be recommended to undergo medical expulsive therapy (MET) with an alpha blocker drug such as tamsulosin. It’s critical to recognize that this is an off-label use of the medication. Intraoperative floppy iris syndrome is a rare complication that tamsulosin and can occasionally develop and complicate cataract surgery.

The use of MET is still debatable, and not all specialists agree that it is beneficial. Talk to a urologist or your doctor about your options.

lithotripsy using Extracorporeal Shock Waves

Every shock wave lithotripsy device sends shock waves through the kidney stone’s skin. The stone receives most, but not all, of the energy from the shock wave.

The best indicator of ESWL success is stone size. In general:

> Stones smaller than 10 mm can be successfully treated with ESWL; 

> For stones between 10 and 20 mm, extra considerations including stone placement and composition should be made. 

> Stones bigger than 20 mm are typically not successfully treated with ESWL.

Because the shards of a lower third kidney stone may not be completely removed from the kidney following fragmentation, these stones can also be harmful. These kidney fragments don’t exit the kidney as quickly as kidney fragments from the middle and upper thirds because of gravity.

The effectiveness of ESWL treatment is also influenced by obesity. The skin-to-stone distance (SSD) will be computed by the urologist to assess the likelihood of treatment success.

Among the potential side effects of ESWL

> Hemostases, or bruises to the kidney tissue, can happen occasionally but normally go away on their own with no further care.

> In the ureter, fragmented stones may build up and become obstructed. This is referred described as a “street of stones,” or steinstrasse. Any issues related to steinstrasse are frequently reduced by a ureteral stent. The procedure takes a few days or weeks to complete.

> Hypertension occurs in a tiny subset of patients receiving ESWL, while the exact mechanism is unknown.

There have also been reports of an elevated risk of diabetes mellitus after ESWL. Nevertheless, sizable population research conducted at the same institution did not support these findings.

Intraoperative nephrolithotripsy:

During percutaneous nephrolithotripsy, a surgeon makes a tiny incision in the lower back to access kidney stones under the supervision of ultrasound or fluoroscopic imaging. The stones are broken up by a power source, like a laser or ultrasonography, and then the pieces are removed from the kidney using an internal stent or external tube.

Greater kidney stones (2 cm or more), complicated stones, or lower pole renal stones greater than 1 cm are typically candidates for this treatment. Complications could include bleeding, infection, and harm to the organs nearby.


During a ureteroscopy, a surgeon inserts a tube into the ureter, possibly all the way up into the kidney, via the urethra and bladder. Using semirigid or flexible equipment, ureteroscopy provides the surgeon with a great view of the entire inside of the urethra. The stones are then broken apart under direct observation by the surgeon using a power source that is threaded up through the ureteroscope. The urologist may decide to insert a postoperative stent for a few days.

While they are rare, complications can include sepsis and ureteric damage or constriction.