Dialysis is a medical treatment that is used to filter waste products and excess fluids from the blood when the kidneys are no longer able to perform these functions effectively.
There are several conditions that can lead to the need for dialysis, including:
- Chronic kidney disease (CKD): This is a condition that occurs when the kidneys are damaged and unable to function properly over a long period of time. The most common cause of CKD is diabetes, but it can also be caused by high blood pressure, a family history of kidney disease, and certain medications.
- Acute kidney injury (AKI): This is a sudden and severe loss of kidney function that can occur due to a variety of factors, including dehydration, sepsis (a serious infection in the bloodstream), and certain medications.
- Polycystic kidney disease (PKD): This is a genetic disorder that causes numerous cysts (fluid-filled sacs) to develop in the kidneys, leading to kidney damage and eventually kidney failure.
- Glomerulonephritis: This is a group of diseases that cause inflammation of the glomeruli, which are tiny filters in the kidneys that help to remove waste and excess fluids from the blood. Glomerulonephritis can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, autoimmune disorders, and certain medications.
- Renal artery stenosis: This is a condition in which the blood vessels that supply blood to the kidneys become narrowed or blocked, leading to reduced blood flow and impaired kidney function.
If you are experiencing symptoms that suggest you may have one of these conditions, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent or delay the need for dialysis.
There are several ways to prevent the need for dialysis:
- Maintain good kidney health: The best way to prevent the need for dialysis is to take care of your kidneys before kidney damage occurs. This includes controlling high blood pressure, managing diabetes, and avoiding drugs and other substances that can damage the kidneys.
- Eat a kidney-friendly diet: A kidney-friendly diet can help preserve kidney function and slow the progression of kidney disease. This may include limiting your intake of protein, salt, and potassium, and eating more fruits and vegetables.
- Stay active and exercise regularly: Regular exercise can help lower blood pressure and improve overall health, which can help prevent kidney damage.
- Don’t smoke: Smoking can increase your risk of kidney disease and other health problems. Quitting smoking can help protect your kidneys and overall health.
- Get regular check-ups: It is important to get regular check-ups and screenings to detect kidney disease early. This can help you get treatment before the disease progresses to a point where dialysis is necessary.
It is important to work with a medical professional to determine the best course of action for you. We at Archana Hospitals can help you develop a plan to prevent the need for dialysis and manage any existing kidney problems.
Symptoms that may lead to the need for dialysis include:
- Swelling in the legs, ankles, and feet
- Shortness of breath
- Fatigue and weakness
- Nausea and vomiting
- Difficulty concentrating or thinking clearly
- Muscle cramps
- Dry, itchy skin
- Difficulty sleeping
- Chest pain or pressure
- Seizures or coma (in severe cases)
It is important to note that these symptoms may be caused by other medical conditions as well, and a medical evaluation is necessary to determine the cause and appropriate treatment. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, do get in touch with us at Archana Hospitals where our Expert Nephrologists are always at hand to recommend the correct course.